Our second stop in Bulgaria, and after a couple of days in the lovely city of Plovdiv, was with Dimo and his worms. We had arranged a couch surf with another guy in the area but when he had to go the Beglika festival as a helper we were told Dimo would take us in and probably show us a thing or two. We were grateful for the opportunity to understand a low impact livelihood and help Dimo out on the worm farm for a few days.
He kindly picked us up from Kazanlak and we went for a family visit, an off road adventure and a swim before cooking up a late dinner and sampling the stupidly cheap but very tasty Bulgarian beer.
We spent the next few days at the worm farm. Dimo collects fresh cow poo, mixes it with straw, moistens it and sets the worms to work. It takes a few months for them to eat their way through the feast but the end result is weed free, high water retentive, humus rich soil, perfect for growing annual veg and seedlings. He bags the castings and sells them to customers around Bulgaria. During the process the worms also double in mass and he receives an additional income from them.
Dimo also doubles up his worm heap as a plant nursery, stacking functions and making best use of his space. He grows tomatoes and paulownia, a fast growing lightweight timber perfect for tool handles. He uses no chemicals and keep his mole population in check using castor plant which exudes chemicals that the moles dislike.
Dimo also produces his own biofuel from waste vegetable oil in a processor that he built himself. He powers his truck and his tractor from the fuel, true to his business name WastNoMo.
We loved our time with Dimo. We saw some great places, Thracian tombs, old communist monuments and natural beauty. The day before we left he took us to visit Paul of the Balkan Ecology Project who was happy to show us around his permaculture inspired garden. We were to see them both again at their BalkanEP venue at Beglika Festival.
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Building, Environment, Food, Health, Music, Permaculture, Travel, Wwoofing
Tagged Balkan Ecology Project, BalkanEP, Beer, Beglika, Biofuel, Bulgaria, Caster, Castor, Couchsurfing, Dimo, Kazanlak, Kran, Manure, Organic, Paulownia, Permaculture, Polvdiv, Straw, Thracian, Tomatoes, travel, WasteNoMo, WorkX, Worms
When I first heard Bill Mollison mention the subterranean dwellings in central Turkey and when Nina first talked about the fairytale houses of Cappadocia from her “must see places” list I hadn’t put two and two together. It wasn’t until we were winding around the eroded landscape on our bus entry to Goreme that it clicked. Two and Two suddenly became eighty four!
Ancient volcanic eruptions blanketed this region with thick ash, which solidified into a soft rock—called tuff—tens of meters thick. Wind and water then went to work on this plateau, leaving only its harder elements behind to form a fairytale landscape of cones, pillars, pinnacles, mushrooms and chimneys, which stretch as far as 40 meters into the sky.
So erosion shaped the incredible landscape of the Göreme valley, but thousands of years ago the troglodyte people used what Mother Nature created and began carving an amazing chamber and tunnel complex into the soft rock. Beginning in the fourth century A.D. an urbanized—but underground—cultural landscape was created here.
In caves and below ground are living quarters, places of worship, stables, wineries and storehouses, all dug into the stone. The underground city that we visited yesterday is only 10% excavated and is thought to be 10km long with eight subterranean levels and enough space for 30,000 people. It was a little claustrophobic but we got a great sense of what it would be like to live down below.
Evidence shows that every household kept pigeons using dovecotes, also carved into the rock. The droppings from the birds were vital to the viticulture and allowed them to maintain the fertility of their gardens, with apricots, mulberrys, pears and melons grown around the vegetable patches.
This has to be one of the finest examples of natural building in the world. It goes one step further than using local materials. The templates for each house were created naturally with zero human effort. The people then had to chip away at the insides to hollow out a home for themselves, similar to permaculture’s holy grail of harvesting as maintenance. The temperature inside remains a constant 16-18 degrees, perfect when it’s plus 42 degrees above ground.
We’ve been searching for examples of “working with nature and not against it” on this journey and we certainly found it here in Cappadocia.
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Building, Environment, Food, Health, Permaculture, Travel
Tagged Appropriate Building, Bill Mollison, Cappadocia, chimneys, Derinkuyu, erosion, Goreme, Mushrooms, Natural Building, Permaculture, pigeons, pillars, problem equals solution, subterranean, Troglodytes, Tuf, Tuff, Turkey, underground, viticulture
What better way to welcome International Permaculture Day than switching on the computer to find the first episode of Richard, Michelle and Grace’s film project. I have just watched it and feel totally inspired and amazed by their wonderful journey and the incredible projects that the film shares. Thank you guys and we hope to see you on the road soon. Here it is – enjoy…
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Building, Diploma, Environment, Food, Health, Music, Permaculture, Travel, Wwoofing
Tagged (IM)Permanence Film, Agroforestry, England, Fungi Futures, Incredible Edible, Integral Permanence, Lammas, Martin Crawford, Permaculture Magazine, Richard Perkins, Sustainable Living, The Yard
It’s nearly the end of March and the last four weeks have been all about the Mountains and less about the money. We are in Granada at the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains. They are still covered in snow although the temperature here is averaging about 26 degrees in the height of the day.
Since leaving our village building experience in Morocco we’ve not managed to get far away from the beautiful jagged edges of the landscape. We travelled by local bus through the Middle Atlas mountains of Morocco up to Fez where we spent three memorable days exploring the winding medina streets of what is said to be the oldest surviving medieval and the largest non motorised city in the world.
Our next leg took us again by local bus up to Tangier for our ferry. We skimmed the Rif mountains of Northern Morocco of which we had visited on the way into the country 8 weeks ago. It was a whole lot warmer than when we arrived.
The ferry took us across the water into Spain with the giant rock of Gibralter to our east. Arriving in Spain only 3 hours later made Morocco feel a world away. We’d had a truly rich experience there and felt sad to leave.
Part of our journey design and the reason we are able to spend quite a bit of time in europe will be our careful use of money and here in Spain it was to begin. Areas we highlighted for scrimping were travel and accommodation mostly and so this was to be our first hitch hike of this travel adventure.
We wrote out our Malaga sign whilst on the boat and after a couple of badly chosen spots we found a good area and stuck out those thumbs! It was only 20 minutes later that we were scooped up by a local and taken 40 minutes or so towards our destination. He plonked us in a good spot to find another ride and it was only 15 minutes more waiting until a big old motor home pulled in to take us on to Malaga.
In Malaga we had arranged to couch surf with a couple who seemed to be professional couch surf hosts. Ana and Israel had hosted many other people and enjoyed the company and practicing their language skills. They were very kind and trusting and gave us a key and disappeared off to a family gathering leaving Nina and I their home.
Our next stop and another great money saving arrangement was our first Wwoof of the journey. We arrived in Orgiva by local bus but hiked the remaining 5km or so up a dry river bed to find the olive finca we were to be working on for the following week. Wwoofing is a great example of stacking functions as it has so many positives – we live for free with accommodation and food covered, the host receives two hard workers for 5.5 hours a day, we can to learn about local processes and cultures whilst exploring the area and we meet other like minded people who share the same passions about organic techniques.
Kate’s Finca was stunning, set in a valley of more snowy topped mountains with no road access. Her main output is olives but she also has tonnes of veg and other fruit trees and chickens etc. Wwwofers stay in little self contained Casitas with cooking facilities and fire places. It was a beautiful place to work for a week and we would have liked to stay longer.
My fourth Diploma project should now be in full swing but I am yet to find it and so moving on was unavoidable. We saved another bus fare by hitching and trekking to Granada to meet with our next Couch surf host. Andrea, who is studying environmental science here. We explored the city yesterday and cooked for her last night. Travelling on a budget feels very rewarding so far and it means we have a few extra euros for the all important ice cream and beer.
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Diploma, Environment, Food, Permaculture, Travel, Wwoofing
Tagged Alhambra, Atlas Mountains, Casitas, Couch Surfing, Fez, Finca, Fruit, Granada, Hitch Hiking, Malaga, medina, Morocco, mountains, Olives, Permaculture, Rif, Spain, travel, Veg, Wwoofing
So here’s my go at a little documentary. Part 1 of our Wwoof to Oz adventure.
Next stop Spain…
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Building, Diploma, Environment, Food, Health, Music, Permaculture, Travel, Wwoofing
Tagged Almonds, Berber, Bouthrarar, Culture, Design, Diploma, Eco Build, Family, Figs, Green Building, Integrated Systems, Irrigation, Morocco, Natural Building, Olives, Peach, Pise, Rammed Earth, Roses, Solutions, Tabout, Valley of Roses
Today we received the long anticipated news that our planning application was granted. We’ve been checking almost daily to see if there has been any change on the online application and what a relief to see that it has all gone through ok.
Nice to see a reference to key design considerations and a special mention in the permission details for “Sustainable Development in Rural Areas – The Council was particularly mindful of the following matters: – scale, design and materials appropriate to use and location – impact on landscape. The simple form of the building is considered appropriate to its use and location on an agricultural holding. The site is well screened and remote from residential properties. The proposal will not impact on the wider rural landscape.”
The full application form, design statement, neighbour comments and decision status can be found here
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Building, Environment, Permaculture
Tagged council, Design, Green Roof, Natural Building, Norfolk, Patch, Planning, planning permission, Solutions, sustainable development, Water
This is a must watch documentary about the wide spread use of fracking. Check out the maps of the shale fields in the film as living on or near one has disastrous consequences on drinking water. Fracking is massive in the USA but there are also numerous gas fields across the rest of the world that could be opened up to the same processes soon. Climactic disaster! Check the Gasland website.
“The largest domestic natural gas drilling boom in history has swept across the United States. The Halliburton-developed drilling technology of “fracking” or hydraulic fracturing has unlocked a “Saudia Arabia of natural gas” just beneath us. But is fracking safe? When filmmaker Josh Fox is asked to lease his land for drilling, he embarks on a cross-country odyssey uncovering a trail of secrets, lies and contamination. A recently drilled nearby Pennsylvania town reports that residents are able to light their drinking water on fire. This is just one of the many absurd and astonishing revelations of a new country called GASLAND. Part verite travelogue, part expose, part mystery, part bluegrass banjo meltdown, part showdown.”
After leaving the Burrowhill Cidery we visited the Willows & Wetlands Visitor Centre for an insight into the ancient craft of growing and harvesting willow for crafts and charcoal. Another National Trust property later and we were in Wales to visit more friends, Gerd, Camilla and Lea. They happened to live quite close to the Centre for Alternative Technology and so we also spent a day there…
On route to Cornwall we visited the Eden Project. It’s incredible and well worth the visit. Sitting on the site of a disused clay quarry it’s demonstrates the power of regeneration in only 12 years. I am somewhat dubious about their energy usage but they are displaying an incredible amount of learning material. It seems they will soon be building a large geothermal power plant. We also visited friends in Cornwall. Living in a small yurt community and studying renewable energy at Falmouth Uni is a nice combination. On leaving Cornwall we ended up in Somerset and the first stop was Burrowhill Cider!
After leaving the New Forest and spending a few days on the Jurassic coast we came to Devon. This amazing county has so much to offer. We visited victorian walled kitchen gardens, did a bit of basic cider making, toured around Martin Crawford’s Food Forest demonstration site, picked more mushrooms, visited travelling friends and explored Dartmoor with them. We checked out the last remaining working water powered forge and Lydford Gorge… amazing times.
Posted in Appropriate Technology, Food, Health, Permaculture, Random, Travel
Tagged Cider, Food, Food Forest, Mushrooms, Van, Wild Food